One of the world's largest Buddhist temple was built by King Samaratungga, one of the king of the ancient Mataram kingdom.

Based on Kayumwungan inscription, an Indonesian named Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship that was completed on 26 May 824, almost one hundred years since the early days was built. The name of Borobudur, means a mountain having terraces (budhara) , while the other says that Borobudur means monastery on the high place.

Borobudur consists of 10 levels. Height 42 meters before it was renovated and 34.5 meters after the renovation because the lowest level was used as a buffer. Six lowest level of a square and three levels on top of a circle and the highest level of Buddhist stupa facing to the west.

Each level symbolizes the stage of human life. In accordance school of Mahayana Buddhism, every person who wants to reach the level of the Buddha must through every level of the life. The base of Borobudur, called Kamadhatu, symbolizing human beings that are still bound by lust. Four levels above referred Rupadhatu symbolizes man who had to break free from lust but still bound manner and form. At these levels, a statue of Buddha placed open. Meanwhile , three levels above where the Buddhist stupas are laid in holes called Arupadhatu, symbolizing human beings that have been free from lust, appearance, and shape. The top part is called Arupa symbolizes nirvana, where Buddha is residing.